Urology or Genitourinary surgery, is the area of medicine that focuses on illnesses of the reproductive organs and urinary tract. The kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urine bladder, urethra, and male reproductive systems are among the organs covered by the field of urology (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis).
Because the urinary and reproductive tracts are interconnected, problems with one frequently have an impact on the other. Thus, genitourinary disorders cover a wide range of ailments that are treated in urology. Urology integrates the treatment of surgical disorders including bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital anomalies, traumatic injury, and stress incontinence with the treatment of medicinal conditions like urinary-tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia.