The restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the
human body is the focus of the surgical specialty known as Plastic surgery. The
two main subcategories are reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.
Craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and burn therapy are all
included in reconstructive surgery.
While cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery focuses on enhancing one's look, reconstructive surgery tries to rebuild a component of the body or improve its functionality.