Eye surgery, commonly referred to as ophthalmic or
Ocular surgery, is an operation carried out by an ophthalmologist on the eye or
its adnexa. Ophthalmology is synonymous with eye surgery. Because the eye is an
extremely delicate organ, extra caution must be taken before, during, and after
surgery to reduce or prevent additional injury. The right surgical treatment
must be chosen for the patient, and the essential safety measures must be
taken, according to an expert eye surgeon.
Ophthalmologists who perform microsurgical intraocular procedures like cataract extraction surgery or retinal detachment repair surgery are referred to as practicing surgical ophthalmology.