Hand surgery treats injuries and infections as well as
other illnesses and issues that may arise in the hand or upper extremity
(usually from the tip of the hand to the shoulder). Graduates of general
surgery, orthopedic surgery, and plastic surgery may practice hand surgery.
Hand plastic surgery is known as Chiroplasty or cheiroplasty.
Hand surgeons conduct a wide range of procedures including the reconstruction of injuries, rheumatoid deformities, and congenital malformations in addition to fracture repairs, releases, transfers, and repairs of tendons. Additionally, they do microsurgical repair of soft tissues and bone, nerve reconstruction, and surgery to enhance function in paralyzed upper limbs in addition to reattaching amputated digits and limbs.