The surgical subspecialty of otolaryngology focuses on the medical and surgical treatment of head and neck issues. The titles of doctors who specialise in this area include otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, or ENT surgeons or physicians. Patients with disorders affecting the ear, nose, throat, base of the skull, head, and neck are treated by otorhinolaryngologists.
They typically include ailments that affect the senses and abilities of eating, drinking, speaking, breathing, swallowing, and hearing. The surgical care and treatment of malignancies and benign tumours of the head and neck are also included in ENT surgery, as well as plastic surgery of the face and neck.